Germany's Foreign Policy—Will Mussolini Visit
From Our German Correspondent Two forthcoming events in Germany are occupying the thoughts of Nazis.
Widespread celebrations are being prepared to commemorate the fourth anniversary of the Third Reich which occurs tomorrow, and there is considerable talk about a probable visit by Mussolini to Germany on an invitation that dates hack to 1934.
It is expected that Herr Hitler will make a long broadcast speech tomorrow from the Kroll Opera House in Berlin at meeting of the Reichstag, and it is thought that he will allude to the recent speeches of Mr. Eden and M. Blum regarding Germany.
Mr. Eden invited Herr Hitler, last Thursday in Parliament, to abandon his policy of " national exclusiveness," and warned Germany that " her doctrines might lead to even greater isolation."
Nazi Protests The Nazi newspaper Volkischer Beorachter has protested against Mr. Eden's words. In an article, headed " Nothing New From Eden," it writes:— " What is practically to happen at that round table towards which we are to be baited? Mr. Eden did not explain that on Thursday, but he did earlier. He invited us to unpack once and for ever all our sorrows and to say exactly what we want.
" It is necessary to remember that famous questionnaire, because it would certainly be repeated, although perhaps in a more subtle form, as soon as we accept the invitation to the European round table. 'Let us tell our English friends just this one thing: The questionnaire asking for the German wishes should have been presented in 1919 in Versailles. But that opportunity for a European rapprochement has been left unused, and that was fatal, as today the usufruct of the failed construction of Versailles has become accustomed to the miserable corset."
Too Early to Say What She Wants
"Certainly," the writer continued, " a few particularly intolerable stipulations of the so-called peace treaties have meanwhile been removed—but others which are equally intolerable from an historical, economic and sentimental point of view are still considered as being taboo.
" The English round table idea, the spiritual fathers of which live in Paris and Moscow, is impracticable because it wants to wipe out the sins of Versailles which have been perpetuated for almost twenty years, in a conference for which the psychological conditions are still completely missing.
" The English plan is fantastic and impossible from a realist point of view. while on the contrary the procedure suggested by the German Fiihrer aims at, settling the nearest matters first and at giving the other problems time for ripening. As matters stand today, Round Table Conferences and questionnaires are nothing but an attempt to fix prematurely before the whole world Germany's attitude on a programme which only the natural evolution of matters will be able to fix in reality."
Germany, it is said, does not want to say " prematurely " what she really wants. The Volkischer Beohachter seems not to know that that is precisely what makes the actual situation of world politics insecure and dangerous.
It should be noted, however, that the DiplomatischPolitische Korrespondenz which is the semi-official publication of the German Foreign Office seems to have been much more sympathetically impressed by Mr. Eden's words than the newspapers which are controlled by the Minister of Propaganda.
Mussolini Expected in Berlin
Will Signor Mussolini visit Berlin or Herr Hitler's private residence at Berchtesgaden?
Mussolini has not left Italy since 1924, when he went to Lausanne to meet M. Poincare and Lord Curzon on the occasion of the conference for the revision of the peace treaty with Turkey.
When in 1934 Hitler went to Stra near Venice to meet Mussolini, it was announced that his visit would be reciprocated by Mussolini before the end of the year 1934. But the conflicting interests of Germany and Italy in Austria brought about a serious hostility between the two statesmen. Instead of making a friendly visit Mussolini sent his troops to the Brenner frontier in order to march into Austria as soon as Nazi intervention in that country would reach a critical extension.
Matters have changed again, and Mussolini has been reminded of his promise of 1934. One of General Goering's tasks in Rome, it is rumoured, was to invite Mus solini to visit Germany officially. The German press agency D.N.B. announced already that Mussolini's visit was forthcoming. Thereupon the Italian Ministry of Press and Propaganda declared to foreign newspaper correspondents not to be informed of any such intention of the Duce. Nothing definite has yet been decided, however, except that Mussolini's trip to Berlin, Munich and Berchtesgaden is likely and will certainly be made unless circumstances again disturb the ItaloGerman friendship.