THE document signed by Pope Leo XIII granting a dispensation for the appointment of Pope St. Pius X, when he was a parish priest, as Bishop of Mantua has been published in the Roman magazine Ecclesia.
The dispensation was needed because the future Pope had never received a doctorate. One sentence in the document reads:
" We and the said Cardinals have seen in the person of our beloved son Giuseppe Sarto, a priest of the diocese of Treviso, one of excellent learning. clearly professed of the Catholic Faith and of every other requisite except for lack of a doctorial degree."
A report from Rome states that the fact•that Pope St. Pius lacked a doctorate has " remained unknown until now."
In fact, "Pius X: The Life Story of the Beatus," by Fr. Hieronymo Dal-Gal, published by Gill and Son in 1953, relates that St. Pius, when a deputation of nobles came from Palermo to Rome to beg the Pope to preserve their tradition of having as Archbishop an aristocrat and a Doctor of Theology, replied:
"I know a curate who was neither a noble nor a Doctor of Theology who was appointed parish priest; that parish priest was made a Canon and then a Bishop; that Bishop who was neither a Doctor of Theology nor an aristocrat was created Cardinal and then elected Pope, and it is the Pope who is now speaking with you."
It may be added that " The Poor Boy of Riese " was appointed Bishop of Mantua by Pope Leo X111, who was both a member of a noble family and a Doctor of Theology.
Processions are legal
The Government in Argentina has repealed the law passed during the Peron regime which banned all outdoor religious processions and ceremonies. The law has been a dead letter since the September revolution, but its repeal is a symbolic gesture after a request from the Hierarchy.