26 NATIONS WILL NOW HAVE CARDINALS
Five Commonwealth Archbishops in the Sacred College
THE Pope's choice of Archbishop Stepinac—isolated as a semi-Aprisoner in the Slav village of Krasic—to be one of his 24 new Cardinals has heightened the interest and concern in this country about the Government's invitation to Marshal Tito to visit London
Everywhere the Holy Father's choice is regarded not only as the fullest possible Papal vindication of the persecuted Archbishop but also as the highest encouragement he could offer to all the known and unknown victims of Communist slander and oppression.
This encouragement has been reinforced by the nomination of Warsaw's Archbishop, Mgr. Stefan Wyszynski—a distant relatise of Mr. VishInsky, the Soviet Foreign Minister.
Archbishop Stepinac will be Yugoslavia's first Cardinal.
Marshal Tito can, of course, prevent him from going to Rome to receive the Red Hat and prevent a Papal ablegate from bringing it to him from Rome. But neither event would make any difference to the nomination: the Archbishop will be a Cardinal, with all his rights, as soon as the Holy Father names him at the Secret Consistory in the Vatican on January 12.
Refuses to ask for favours
Archbishop Stepinac himself is reported to have said he will riot go to Rome because he refuses to ask the Communists for any favours, and because he believes that if he went, he "could never come back."
The 24 nominations—including two Cardinals for thc Commonwealth, Archbishop D'Alton of Armagh and Archbishop Leger of Montreal—will make the Sacred College complete for the first time for nearly 250 years.
The Pope intended to bring the number up to 70 when he nominated 32 Cardinals in 1946, but Cardinal Boetto, Jesuit Archbishop of Genoa, died about a month before the Consistory and the vacancy was not filled.
After next January's Consistory there will be Cardinals of 26 nations. Italian Cardinals will number 27. Most of the new Italian "creations," including four Papal Nuncios, are intended for the much-depicted Roman Curia. The Nuncios will relinquish their positions in Paris, Madrid, Lisbon, Rome and reside in Curia.
Ecuador and Colombia, as well as Yugoslavia, will have Archbishops in the Sacred College for the first time.
On January 12 the British Commonwealth will have five Cardinals—the Archbishops of Westminster, Armagh, Sydney, Toronto and Montreal.
The third largest creation
This will be the third largest creation of Cardinals in the Church's history. The present Holy Father appointed the largest number, 32, in 1946. Second largest group, 31, was created in the year 1517.
France and Spain will each have two new Cardinals; Ireland, Canada, the United States, Germany, Ecuador, Colombia and Brazil one each.
Youngest of the new Cardinals will be Archbishop Sid of Genoa. He is 46. Next will be Archbishop Leger of Montreal, who is 48. At present the youngest is Cardinal Griffin, who received the Red Hat on his 47 birthday.
The oldest will be Archbishop Grente, Bishop of Le Mans, who at the age of 80 will take the Red Hat to this French city for the first time since 1556.
Pictures of the Cardinab-to-be are on pages 7 and 12.
CARDINAL FROM WALL STREET
WALL Street can claim one of the Cardinals-to-be. Archbishop " McIntyre of Los Angeles—the first member of the Sacred College from the western United States—born in New York 66 years ago, went to work as a messenger boy In Wall Street at the age of 13.
Only one of the 24 to receive the Red Hat in January is Roman-born: he is Archbishop Borgongini Duca,
Papal Nuncio to Italy.
He is one of four who were ordained priest at the age of 22. The others are Archbishop Cicognani, Nuncio in Madrid, Archbishop Roncall, Nuncio in Paris, and Archbishop Lercaro of Bologna. Archbishop Wyszynski of Warsaw was ordained on his 23rd birthday.
ARCHBISHOP D ' A 1. T N : Primate of All Ireland, 1111th successor of St. Patrick. Aged 70, born Claremorris, Mayo. ordained at Irish College, Rome, 1908. Professor of Ancient Classics, Maynooth. 1912, President of Maynooth 1936. Coadjutor Bishop of Meath 1942, Archbishop of Armagh 1946. Sixth in line of Irish Cardinals, will be third Cardinal Archbishop of Armagh.
ARCHBISHOP STEPINAC: Born 1898, ordained 1930, Coadjutor Bishop of Zagreb 1934, Archbishop 1937. During the Nazi occupation spoke out against persecution of Orthodox Christians, Jews a n d gypsies by the Germans and Pavelich puppet regime. Brought to trial 1946 by Tito's Red regime, condemned to 16 years' hard labour as a "collaborator." Released and forced to live in his native village of Krasic after serving nearly a third of the sentence.
The Archbishop is the seventh of the family of 11 of a peasant farmer.
ARCHBISHOP FELTIN: Aged 69, born at Belfort. ordained 1909. Won Military Medal and Legion of Honour as a stretcher-bearer in first World War. Bishop of Troyes for four years, Archbishop of Sens 1912, Archbishop of Bordeaux 1935, Archbishop of Paris 1949. Champion of
Continued on page 12