riots inquiry /11 W11110111111111111H111111111011111111111111111111111111111011111111101111111111H111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111101ftgli11111111011111 • An article in the Vatican City daily newspaper l'Osservatore Romano, Ex" said last week that the efforts of American politicians on behalf of racial justice and peace must be complemented by "the contribution of the great moral forces and the collaboration of time and of grace".
• The paper's editor, Signor Riatnondo Manzini, cymunenting on the report that unemployment among American Negroes is twice that among ▪ whites, and that Negroes "generally live in inferior and unhealthy neighE.: • bourhoods and housing," wrote: "The struggle for emancipation and for E racial equality must therefore he conducted in the field of social am2= ditions and hereditary psychology so as to give life to laws and make them :t.7 --I penetrate public morals. • "But to do this it is necessary to hate, in addition to the acts of the politicians, the contribution of the great moral forces and the collabora • tion of time and of grace. This," he wrote, "is the aim of the American Catholic hierarchy and faithful . . . We are all God's children and in 2' • Him we are united in inviolable brotherhood."
From a correspondent in Los Angeles
AJESUIT priest and a Negro Protestant clergyman are among eight people named by Governor Edmund G. Brown of California to investigate the causes of the riots in the Watts district of Los Angeles. Thirty-four lives were lost in the riots before the situation was brought under control.
After appointing the commission of inquiry, which is headed by Mr. John A. McCone. former Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, Governor Brown told the eight not to waste time blaming individuals, but to find out what caused the outburst.
"Monkeys in zoo" Before the violence died down and the smoke of looted buildings cleared there had been plenty of blame thrown around. Some of the most vituperative was thrown at Police Chief William H. Parker, who was said to have referred to the rioters as "monkeys in the zoo".
The Rev. Charles Doak, a United Presbyterian minister, said he heard policemen shouting abuse at Negro onlookers when they were arresting a Negro.
There were demands for the resignation of Police Chief Parker from both Church and Civil Rights leaders, who alleged that police brutality was the prime cause of the riots.
The Rev.Malcolm Boyd, of Washington, a representative of the unofficial Episcopal Society for Cultural and Racial Unity, said: "As white Christian priests we accuse the churches of Los Angeles of a disastrous failure to act morally or to
provide leadership in race relations.
"Church leaders have isolated themselves confrontation with oppressed Negroes. Their its cause are simply not comprehended by people who do not know at first hand the ghetto-conditions;" from a personal hopelessness and
Governor Brown said after a tour of the stricken Watts district: "The uprising has no connection with whether a Negro has the right 1.0 vote or a legal right to any job for which he can qualify ...
"The riot took place in a scene of broken families and broken hearts of lonely children and aimless adults, of frustration and poverty."
Dr. Martin Luther King, the Negro Civil Rights leader, was greeted by both heckling and applause when he arrived to address a meeting. He cancelled a proposed tour of the area "for security reasons". But Billy Graham, the evangelist, toured the area by helicopter.
The Protestant clergyman named to the commission of inquiry by Governor Brown is the Rev. James E Jones. a United Presbyterian clergyman. The Jesuit is Fr. Charles Casassa, president of Loyola University of Los Angeles. Another Negro named is Superior Court Judge Earl C. Broady, a former policeman and deputy district attorney.