Monday New Cardinals Receive Biglietto.
College of Cardinals. Thursday—The Public Consistory in St. Peter's. Friday Secret Consistory of New College
In a week of historic ceremonies Pope Pius XII created the 32 new Cardinals on Monday, when after receiving the approval of the existing members of the Sacred College, the official notice, the biglietto, was carried by prelates of the Papal Court to the 30 Cardinals-Designate gathered in Rome.
In view of the large number of Cardinals to be created, the bigliettos were delivered to the Cardinals-Designate in groups. Each of the Cardinals made a brief reply of thanks and extracts from these are given below. Tuesday was given to courtesy visits to the new Cardinals from the elder Cardinals and the hundred or more Archbishops and Bishops from all parts of the world present in Rome for these unique ceremonies. On Wednesday the Red biretta was imposed on the new Cardinals by the Holy Father who in an outspoken allocution on the aim he had in mind in creating the new world-wide College of Cardina Is said the Church was universal but not imperia listic.
The most spectacular event of the week was the public consistory at St. Peter's in which the Red Eat was conferred on each of the new Cardinals.
To-day, Friday, all the Cardinals meet in Secret Consistory in which the new Cardinals go through the ceremonies symbolising their loyalty to the Pope, their giving good counsel, and keeping the secrets of their office At this Consistory the new Cardinals receive their ring, and are formally allotted their Titular churches in Rome.
From FR. IVOR DANIEL CATHOLIC HERALD Special Correspondent The happiest moment so far in this round of magnificent ceremonies has been the reception in the Hall of Venerable English College of the Papal biglietti notifying the British Empire Cardinals of their elevation by the Holy Father in Secret Consistory.
The narrow street outside the College was crowded and all agog, and it was with difficulty that one made ones way. We had heard that the original intention had been to group Canada's new Cardinal, Mgr. McGuigan, with the American group in the Hall of the Hundred Days in the
Chancellery, but to the great satiabletion of the British community the Empire stood firm.
We passed through the gallery adorned with the paintings of the English Cardinals and into the Hall where Saints Thomas More and John Fisher watched another triumph of that British Faith for which they died at the hands of a British king.
Mgr. Griffin, Mgr. McGuigan and Mgr. Gilroy were seated on golden thrones in their purple robes. Toronto beamed; Sydney smiled; Westminster looked placid.
Amid the clicking and whirring of cameras, the Vatican heralds arrived to hand over the biglietti. Among the watchers were Sir D'Arcy Osborne, the British Minister, Major Utley, Dr. Kiernan (happily reminding us of Anglo-Irish ties), R. R. Stokes, M.P. and Mr. Woodruff, the Editor of the Tablet.
As senior Prelate, Archbishop McGuigan made the formal response in Latin in the name of all three. " Nos Ires Archiepiscopi tampion' anus. ."
He said that the three Arahbiehons. as though one, receiving their higlietti together, wanted to thank the Pope for " so bright a dignity."
METROPOLIS OF EMPIRE " The Cardinal Archbishop of Sydney," said Cardinal McGuigan. " comes from a land which my own claims as a sister dominion. The Archbishop of Westminster comes from a country which all the overseas British Dominions love as their Motherland. He is the divinely appointed ruler of the Church of God in the Metropolis of the far-flung British Empire whose citizenship we are proud to enjoy.
" Speaking for myself I realise it is through no merit of mine that this sacred dignity has been conferred upon me, The generous act of the Holy Father is intended as a recognition of the role of English-speaking Catholics side by side with their French-speaking brethren in the building up of the glorious Canadian Church.
" 1 am happy to give the assurance that the Catholics of Canada, whatever their race or tongue, whatever political differences they may have, are of one heart and one mind in love of their ancient faith and loyalty to the Sec of St. Peter."
In a special tribute to Frenchspeaking Canadian Catholics, Cardinal McGuigan said there was the glory of first planting the Cross of Christ on Canadian ground."
" It is for the world, if it would escape from the miseries and perils that beset it, to learn the lesson given by the unity of the Church. Then and then only will all peopls, united by the bonds of true brotherhood, behold the blessed vision of lasting peace."
FROM THE ANTIPODES "From, the Antipodes I have come," said Cardinal Gilroy, Archbishop of Sydney, "encircling half the globe, in a journey to offer the homage of the Australian Church to His Holiness and receive the honour of the cred purple.
" of the world's nations, that to which I am privileged to belong, is one of the youngest and newest. Yet our faith is not young and not new. The Catholic Church in Australia is as intimately part of the Church established by Christ, as It is the Church in the very heart of Christendom."
Speaking as a son of Australia, of Irish .blood and English speech, Cardinal Gilroy recalled the examples of the Irish Cardinal, the blessed Oliver Plunkett, and the British Saint John Fisher. "These two great Bishops were loyal and devoted citizens of nations, but above all loyal sons of God.
" They faithfully obeyed the direction ' Render unto Caesar the things that are Caesar's and to God the things that are God's.'" Cardinal Griffin, speaking first in Italian, thanked the Pope, and expressed his loyalty and service to the interests of Christ's church, in his diocese, in England. and wherever possible.
Changing to English, the new Cardinal recalled his years of studentship under the rectorship of Cardinal Hinsley, his predecessor, to whom he paid a moving tribute.
Mgr. Hinsley had assisted him in saying his first Maes in the College chapel.
GREAT ISSUES Cardinal Griffin then dwelt on the universality of the Church and the holy Father's position as the great international figure standing before the world. Great issues faced the modern world in which there was a struggle between God and the powers of evil, between love and hatred, between purity and lust, between justice and oppression.
" Out duty is clear. We have to assert the unchangeable standards of the moral law and to demand the return to the recognition and fulfilment ot the Ten Commandments and the principles of the Sermon on the Mount."
The Cardinal concluded by expressing the loyalty of His Majesty's CethoLic subjects who tried to follow the motto of Si.Thomas More " am the King's true and loyal servant but God's first " In devotion to the Sec of Peter, loyalty to the King gained its strength, he concluded.
The ceremony. which was attended by many Churchmen, including the Archbishop of Malta, Bishop Gawlina, Mgr. Hurd, many religious superiors, propaganda students and members of the English-speaking colony, despite its pomp, possessed a happy family atmosphere through its dignity, combined with friendly informality,