September Meeting in Rome
It is announced that the second international congress of the Catholic press will take place in Rome from September 24 to September 27 of this year.
The first congress took place in Brussels in 1933 and it was then decided to hold the next congress in the same year as the Vatican Press Exhibition. That congress was held on the initiative of the International Bureau of Catholic Journalists, while the present one is being organised by the International Union of the Catholic Press.
The sittings will be held in the Angelico under the presidencies of Cardinals Pacelli, Marchetti-Selvaggiani, Bisleti, Serafini and Salotti.
Among the subjects to be discussed will be "the spiritual perfectioning of Catholic journalists," the mission of the Catholic press in the face of the paganising of modern life" and "the Catholic press and the diffusion and illustration of pontifical documents."
Nazi " Help " for Borromous Association?
The administration of the Borromous Association, the organisation which supplies the Catholic population with good and decent reading-matter, has been invited to enter into negotiations with the state authorities " that it may be possible to lead the Borromous Association to a condition suitable to its religious purpose."
In other words, this beneficial organisation which supports numerous libraries, reading-rooms, etc., in Catholic parts is to be limited to the circulation of purely religious reading-matter. This will probably lead to a decree which will practically mean the end of the Borromous Association, and perhaps even the confiscation of its rich possessions in secular literature.
ERASMUS An Exhibition at Oxford
Desiderius Erasmus, humanist scholar and friend of St. Thomas More, died on July 12, 1536. The fourth centenary has been anticipated, by a few months, at Oxford, where the Bodleian Library has set out a number of autograph letters and other treasures connected with Erasmus, in a commemorative exhibition opened on April 27.
One of the letters is particularly interesting, for Catholics, by its references Ito our two recently-canonised saints. Erasmus writes that he has heard that John Fisher has lost his sight in prison, and that More is likely to lose his head.
A copy of the Paris edition of St. Thomas More's Utopia is among the volumes shown in the exhibition, works by or bearing upon Erasmus's contemporaries.
How should the following hand be called? It is one of many cases where the cards, held on this occasion by North, present a very real problem.
• 5 3
• K Q J 10, 7, 6, 2 4 Q, 8, 5
Ace, Q, J, 2 ✓ K, Q, 4, 3 • 4 K, 10, 7, 6 South dealt, both sides being nil, and called One Spade. West passed, North called Three Diamonds, East passed and South said Three No Trumps. West passed again. Now what is North to say? Possibly nothing; South has called a Game contract, he obviously has a good hand, West and East have said nothing and yet North had most serious misgivings. For if Hearts are opened and his Ace taken out at once, if either West or East holds the Ace of Diamonds, as seems most probable, and if lastly his own Queen of Clubs proves not to be a card of re-entry, well, the contract in No Trumps looks dubious, to say the least. It will mean that South will oe playing away from his own good cards all the time and cannot get into Dummy to make the remaining Diamonds or lead up to his own hand. When I saw this hand actually played, North called Four Diamonds at this juncture, a fatal mistake; for in that case it looks like a sign-off and South passes or even worse attempts Four No Trumps. The right call is for North to go Five Diamonds at once over the Three No Trump bid and settle the issue. It is a more likely Game call on his holding. Of course he can still call Five Diamonds over the Four No Trump call, but if South in disgust passes the Four Diamond call, then a game hand is thrown away.
This balancing of probabilities is too much for some players and also a fear of taking out Partner; but there are times when the game demands such a decisive step and North must brave his Partner's
wrath. If South has any sense, he will appreciate the problem of North's hand and be duly grateful when the Five Diamond contract succeeds, as it should, on their combined hands.