• LATIN AMERICA
HE number of American priests, religious and laymen serving in Latin America has increased nearly 50 per cent in three years, from 2,761 on January 1, 1962, to 4,091 on January 1, 1965. These figures are contained in a report by the U.S. Bishops' Committee for Latin America, published it Washington.
The total of Priests increased by 34.3 per cent to 1,849, and of nuns by 58.3 per cent to 1.883. Laymen serving in association with the Church's Papal Volunteers for Latin America number 359.
An organisation to train young unmarried laymen and "mature" married men for ordination as deacons in the Church in Latin America is to be formed by September. Plans for the group, to be called the St. Stephen's Society. were announced in Chicago by Bishop Alfredo Mendez. C.S.C., of Puerto Rico. He said Cardinal Cushing of Boston had agreed to serve as honorary chairman.
• UNITED STATES
Mr. Norman Cousins. editor of the Saturday Review, writes in an edition devoted to the international seminar On Pacent if? Terris which began yesterday in New York, that Mr. Khruschev, then Russian Premier. told him when he was in Russia in 1962 that Pope John's appeal for restraint during the Cuba crisis had had "considerable weight" in his thinking, and had been "the first ray of light in the developing darkness".
Mr. Cousins writes that when he told Pope John this. he said he had deliberately avoided polemics against the Soviet Union in recent years "because of his belief that meaningful and useful communication would at some time be critically essential."
A Catholic priest. Fr. John P. Crowley, Director of the Society of St. Edmund missions in Alabama and North Florida, inserted a full-page advertisement last week in the Tintes-Journal or Selma, Alabama. to outline the Catholic position on Civil Rights and to praise the drive to register Negro voters. It declared: "Neither as a man nor a citizen are the rig.hts of the Negro fully respected.'
The American Lutheran Council has voted to co-sponsor with a group of Catholic bishops conversations between Catholic and Lutheran theologians.
• VATICAN CITY Pope Paul has appointed four Cardinals-Elect who were until now priests or monsignors. as archbishops. They are Mgrs. Frederica Callori di Vignale. Joseph Cardijn, Charles Journet. and Fr. Giulio Bevilacqua, the Pope's confessor.
The Vatican weekly, L'Osservalore della Domenico, has published an article saying reports that Pope Paul might create laymen cardinals is "completely without foundation, The times in which an eminent layman could have become a cardinal are gone".
The weekly made no reference to names. but the comment was undoubtedly prompted by many reports that the French philosopher M. Jacques Maritain was being considered for such an honour, The French writer M. Jean Guitton has also been mentioned.
• HOLLAND A Soviet Trade Union delegation is to visit the N.K.V., the Dutch Catholic Trade Union headquarters in Utrecht. to study the working methods of a free trade union and the aims of the Dutch Catholic Trade Union in particular.
The visit, which. is to take place at the end of this month, has been organised by Mr. (iorochov, Counsellor &lathe Russian Embassy at The ague. He said he did not yet know how big the delegation would he, but that it would he a delegation from the Central Council of the Soviet Trade Unions.
Vatican officials said last week that they did not know whether Archbishop Beran of Prague would he able to go to Rome to be made a Cardinal at next week's Consistory. One of them said: "We consider him a prisoner, confined to one village. That is why he is listed in the Vatican Yearbook as 'impeded'."
The Czechoslovak Government. breaking its official silence about the Archbishop, said last week that he was not a prisoner. He was "free to receive visitors, but had
• expressed the wish not to be disturbed by visits and questions by Western journalists".
The Italian High Court last week ordered a new trial for three Caput:hill friars sentenced to 13 years' imprisonment for conspiracy and extortion. Convicted at Messina. Sicily, in 1963, they claimed they were acting "in a state of necessity" because of death threats from the Mafia. They were said to have advised businessmen to make payments to bandits.
The Catholic Workers' Movement of the Vienna archdiocese has asked the Austrian Government to consider paying larger subsidies to mothers to avoid the necessity of their having to find work. "A mother must he able to decide freely and without economic pressure whether she will seek employment outside the home or not," says the group.