GENEROUS TRIBUTE BY THE PRESS
THE reverence and affection which Pope Pius
XII inspired in this country, not only among Catholics but among those of different cornmunions and those of none, were reflected in the reaction of the secular press to the news first that he was dying and later of his death. On Thursday morning this filled most of the front page of all the " popular " London dailies except the " Daily Worker ", which however carried the story in a prominent position.
THE Times paid generous tribute to his pontificate in its leading article on Friday morning, which said: " In his own communion he may well be remembered. among holders of his great office in recent centuries. as preeminently the layman's Pope .. .
" By his reform, or rather restoration, of the liturgy, by stimulating the movement of the active participation of the laity in the rites, by relaxing the disciplinary rules so as to make frequent access of the sacraments easy in the conditions of modern life, he endeavoured always to emphasise that the divine society of the Church is a fellowship of the people and not a recondite sacerdotal cult.
" He was vigilant nevertheless to insist that the Church must not be
tainted by the world . . Yet, although he would not permit the Church to be of the world. he was determined that it should live fully in the world."
The Times ended its leader with these words: " Holy of heart and noble of mind as Pius Xil undoubtedly was, he did not inherit the acknowledged arhitral authority that had long ago belonged to the Papacy of undivided Christiandom.
" He could and did devote himself and the resources of the Church to works of succour for the vast miseries engendered and left by the conflict [of 20 years of war and the fear of warl; but the forces of hate and fear continued to hold dominion for the remainder of his days, and it proved beyond his strength to subdue them. This is still their hour, and the power of darkness."
THE Manchester Guardian, after describing the Pope's denunciation of Communist ideology while endeavouring " not to expose these dangerously situated Catholics to avoidable risks of persecution," went on to say: " The pursuit of this balance has required all the gifts of a Pope steeped in the century-old traditions of Roman diplomacy and who has, moreover, broken the customs of centuries in executing policy himself . . ."
Mentioning his mastery of the " problems and the language of specialised sciences and techniques." the leading article stated: " It has thus been a Pope who could not by any stretch be described as sympathetic to a
' liberal ' theology who has brought the leading circles of the Roman Catholic Church into a closer association with scientific experiment and technique than at any time at least since the 18th century. This may prove to be the historical mark of the reign .."
THE Daily Telegraph editorial Adescribed Pope Pius XII as a man "whom all Christendom now mourns" and one "lifted above his fellow humans by innate personal sanctity and grandeur". "Called upon to rule the Roman Catholic Church during two decades of unparalleled challenge and danger, he has left his vast flock stimulated into modernity under a system of government which is the oldest in the world ...
"To keep the Church united in the face of conflicting ideologies, each clainiing the absolute allegiance of mankind, was a task requiring political judgment, diplomatic subtlety, and, above all, the gift of expressing Christian truth in a way that cut through the fog of temporal conflict. Just how successful Pius XII was can be judged by the tremendous renaissance of his Church after the war among victors and vanquished alike...."
'SATEWE print below extracts from comments made by other Lenders newspapers.
Daily Express: "At the end of his long and crowded reign his Church is stronger and more influential than at its beginning. His with one other was the morlarchy that seemed most assured; his the faith that thrived while others faltered . . . .
" His Church today straddles the Iron Curtain as no other human
organisation does.... [NonCatholics) may look at a world threatened indeed but saved from total submersion by secular tyranny. They can, in part. thank the vision and power of Eugene Pacelli that the waters dirl nett rise higher and cover the whole earth."
Daily Mail: "Whether we adhere to the tenets of his Church or not, we roust pay tribute to his brilliance and te the good he has done for the free, civilised world. Christianity is better than antiChrist, and belief better than rootless cynicism. To strive for these things and to succeed is to do much to prevent our eta sinking into despair.
"This Pius XII did. He fought the enemies of his Faith with steadfast persistence, and he will be remembered as a great Pope."
Daily Sketch: "You do not have to he a Roman Catholic to feel deeply sad that the Pope has died. Now people of all denominations reveal their true warmth and admiration for him.... Why should this man . . . have such a hold?
"It is simply that he had consistently given the world a lead on moral and philosophic issues. Fearlessly. Clearly. Often exposing himself to severe attack. Never confusing the minds of ordinary men with unctuous phrases.. , . Whether you agreed with him or not none could deny his immense courage...."
Evening News; "Grief at the news of the death of His Holiness the Pope will not be confined to members of the Roman Catholic community in Britain.... Ha gave moral leadership to a great part of Christendom in an epoch when all. Christian values were being ferociously challenged...."
E v e rti n g Standard: "The sorrow, extending far beyond Roman Catholic circles. aroused by the Pope's death is a measure of the impression which Pius XII made on the world.... His impact on secular affairs, both political and social, has been the most forceful in the modern history of the Papacy....
"His altogether unusual energies and intellect put into the service of the Roman Catholic Church corresponded with and was in large measure reseonsible for the re-emergence of that Church as a first-class power.... Perhaps even more influentially in the long run, Pius XII tended towards the reconciliation of science and the social doctrines of the Catholic Church...."
Star: "Pope Pius XII was a great and good man.... He was a brave man. too. His fight was that of a peacemaker, the most necessary and urgent of all efforts in the modern world. He tried with all his might to face squarely the challenges of modern science and political Communism. He took a special interest in the marvels and dangers of scientific progress... ."
The Catholic Teachers' Religious Certificate and College Entrance examinations will be held on Saturday, November 1.8. Candidates for either examination should apply at once to their diocesan religious inspector, enclosing 5s. entrance-fee.
English College, Lisbon. On Saturday, October 4 and Sunday 5: Bishop Murphy of Shrewsbury conferred the following Orders in the Chapel of the English College, Lisbon: Diaconate: the Revs. Leon M. Morris (Salford); John MeLeish (Shrewsbury); Thomas F. Burrowes (Liverpool).