A `C.H.' reporter interviews Col. Crosthwaite-Eyre
DURING the weeks prior to the General Election, "The Catholic Herald " is interviewing three Catholic candidates—one from each political party—asking them what there is in their own outlook and that of the parties they represent to attract the support of the Catholic elector.
Starting with the party still in power, I talked in the House of Commons with Col. 0. E. Crosthwaite-Eyre, chairman of Eyre and Spottiswoode, Ltd., vice-chairman of the Financial Times, and Conservative M.P. for the New Forest division of Hampshire.
" In answering your questions." he began. " I am not going to talk about party differences. I am simply going to put before you what I, as a Catholic and as a Conservative. believe is right and ought to be done."
Col. Crosthwaite-Eyre continued: The strength of Catholicism in England has been that it has never been identified with any particular political party. Reruin Novarum and Quarlragesimo Anno are documents each of us have to interpret to our best ability.
It is only on matters of supreme immediate importance that party harriers dissolve, and when this has happened, Catholics of all political opinions have united. Of these issues the major one has been the schools.
Under various Governments Catholics have got nearer to what they want. despite all the pressure that non-denominational influence
could line up. Now a Catholic school can be granted 75 per cent. of its cost-50 per cent, by the State and 25 per cent. by the local authority.
I believe that a further step should he made to relieve Catholics —and others who prefer to educate their children privately rather than at Government expense.
It costs the Government some f70 a year to give a child secondary education. I would allow a similar sum by way of tax reduction to any parent who did not use a State school, provided that the child concerned reached the standard necessary to entitle him to a place in the State schools.
FOREIGN AFFAIRS IWISH our common front had -Ibeen extended in the immediate years after the war to the limitation of the tide of Communist infiltration. We are now rendering in full the bill for this neglect.
From strength only can we negotiate. We all hate the H-bomb— with its still unresolved effect on human life—hut, for the moment, it is the immediate and overwhelming retribution this country can assure an aggressor that keeps us at peace.
Recognition of Red China was a mistake; it encouraged the extension of Communist aggrandisement. It is pitiful to read of what the clergy. the nuns and the laity have had to endure in China. or our prisoners of war in Korea.
Nor must one forget East Germany and the Balkan countries. These defeated enemy States were supposed to enjoy quadripartite rule until peace treaties were effected. They are now slaves with government at will by the Kremlin.
.Poland, to whom so much was assured, never saw after the war those promises redeemed. How many Polish nationals in this country are a constant reminder to us of what weakness to Communism entails!
STATE AND THE PERSON
AT home, I believe we want a society based on personal endeavour: with a just reward for that endeavour. No one section of the people can he advanced to the detriment of others.
Social justice demands that the old, the weak. and the sick he protected. But this must be done by fair taxation, not by deliberate class measures. No sound economy can he built unless all sections of the community believe that the Government holds their needs equally in regard.
With the wise use of the wealth of the country, we can give full social justice and yet let all enjoy the fruits of their work. The more I see of Catholic countries abroad. the more I realise the value of this policy.
To make any human life essentially dependent on the State is to
rob that life of its honour and purpose.
One of the best ways to extend the value of human life is by copartnership in industry which enables the individual worker to play a fuller part in the daily life of the country.
We arc a small island dependent on our power to export what we manufacture. so as to secure much of the food and most of the raw materials for the further manufacture that we require.
We are also heavily burdened by foreign debt—debts which. if all goes well. will not be paid off till after A.D. 2000.
Our life must he an economic pilgrimage, but one well worth while if we never lose our pride in past achievements and our present responsibilities.
The goal must he that of a free society, conscious of its duties in social justice, but at the same time giving every encouragement to individual endeavour.