Continued from p. 1 save many of these unfortunate people from the injustices they now suffer abroad."
"AT this stage of the discussion " on the 'racial riots' we ought to be looking ahead and not being content with deploring them, said Mr. R. P. Walsh, Prospective Labour candidate for Bury and Radcliffe. "How are we to deal with the future, a future that might well produce more riots?" he asks.
"The first thing that needs to be said is that in spite of all the praise we English have given ourselves there is beneath the surface a considerable amount of prejudice against people who are different, and the more different they appear the stronger is that prejudice.
"This calls for education and for a more deliberate policy of bringing people together under circumstances in which they will naturally work together.
"Secondly the trouble in London has been the 'teddy-boy' mentality. Gangs of youths have terrorised people in several parts of London and have seen such activities as an 'exciting lark'. Now they find a more colourful version of their gang life and find people actually encouraging them to think of beating up coloured people.
"This demands more attention on the part of the authorities to this side of life, it calls for more energetic action by the police and for far harder sentences than the courts give at present.
"But far more fundamental is the existence of encouragement to violence to be found in so much of our entertainment.
"London has become a disgrace in the world for the flaunting of vice and of mild and not so mild forms of terrorism on its streets, Driving these evils off the streets will not solve the problems but will reduce the encouragement the present sights give to others. "It will be no answer to stop immigration. To do so would be to give into the fascist groups who advocate a 'white England' and who are now taking their propaganda into the very areas where it is easiest to stir up feelings and to provoke outbreaks. Some control of this incitment to violence is necessary. "In our relations with the West Indies we muat bear some blame for the poverty and for the moral views of some West Indians. We owe them a debt for our past behaviour.
"The government ought to Set itself against any panic measures which would give the racial propagandists a feeling of victory. Hooliganism must be crushed. An educational programme is needed. But above all the housing problem must be dealt with for solving that problem would remove one of the causes of discontent with West Indian."
"VIOLENCE between dark' skinned and sallow is intolerable and must be put down. Justice and charity are for all within our gates," says Mr. John Biggs-Davison, Conservative M.P. for Chigwell, Essex.
"But neither prosecutions nor platitudes and phrases about human equality and no dtscriminaLion on grounds of race or colour answer the questions raised when people of very different kinds and cultures live together.
"Many of our countrymen have been tempted to think that they are not as those other men are in Johannesburg, or Little Rock. So far they have not been confronted with the same problems. "The proportion here of coloured to white folk has increased, particularly in certain localities, but is nothing to that of the Southern States or South Africa.
Yet behind the hooliganism and mischief in the Midlands and Notting Hill Gate lurk sexual jealousies, primitive emotions, and economic rivalries which could spread.
CONS/DER • "Let us consider these complex matters from the Christian, and the Commonwealth view-points. Christians believe that all races belong to one human kind whose Father is God. Yet families and nations have the instinct, right and duty to preserve their identity and make their unique contribution to the whole, respecting that of others.
"Many intellectuals of the 'postChristian' West have substituted for universal Faith and Church a secular internationalism. They would subjugate Family to State and Nation to World-State. They would set no limit to intermarriage between races-repugnant to many Africans, Indians, Europeans.
"Should there be any limit? Are not we British a mixture of Celtic. Teutonic and other strains? Has not Brazil successfully mingled Latin, Indian, Negro? The French seem colour-blind. Cannot racial prejudice be cured by legislation, education, police?
"Unfortunately Gobineau, Rosenberg and others have discredited the study of ethnic questions, just as Fascism discredited the discussion of corporate, as opposed to regional, composition of parliaments. Why have Latins no colour bar, whereas Northerners tend to establish it in one form or another? Have Catholicism and Protestantism made a decisive difference? We can't be sure and should humbly study questions so vital to our society and multiracial Commonwealth.
Great Britain, as the centre of the Commonwealth, must be open to all its citizens. But the Commonwealth is a Commonwealth of Nations, Nations which treasure this diversity, not a melting pot, and it would not be unjust for Britain to regulate immigration, like other Commonwealth countries.
"This however would be unnecessary if any expanding Commonwealth economy provided opportunity at home for those who would not then choose to live under grey skies. The oversea Ministers now in Britain because of the recent troubles should therefore press the Government for the right lead at Montreal."